Dunning–Kruger effect

Now I understand why incompetent people always claim they are experts. When someone declares, “I am an expert,” this does not automatically mean that he/she is an expert. I heard this statement from someone I know well last week. Self-proclamations are meaningless since an individual’s expertise is the result of the recognition of others. This phenomenon is called the Dunning-Kruger effect. Usually, someone who is very self-confident is actually incompetent.

Incompetent people tend to:

  • Overestimate their own skill levels
  • Fail to recognize the genuine skill and expertise of other people
  • Fail to recognize their own mistakes and lack of skill



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Hadi Nur

My name is Hadi Nur, a professor at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) and an adjunct professor at Universitas Negeri Malang (UM). I can be reached easily online. Here, the table of content of my blog posts and search what you are looking for here.