Last month, I was invited to give a talk on research and publication in one of the research centers at my university. A young lecturer asked me, what should I do as a lecturer with the pressure to meet the requirement of KPI (Key Performance Indicator) without forgetting the idealism? In the lecture, I explained the actual duties of a lecturer. The main tasks of a lecturer are to teach and doing research. By looking at the current world and the university today, we need to see it as a balance between realism and idealism. Realism forces us to play the numbers game in the scientific publications and the other numbers set by the ranking system. This is the reality. But, we must have idealism. We must realize that the real task of a university is to produce a good quality of graduate from every aspect, especially in attitude and morale. The chart below can be used as a guideline. In reality, in our young age, we need to survive to compete with others to succeed and achieve our goal. You need to have the essential knowledge to survive in nature. Be struggle and working hard. Sometimes we get selfish to fulfill “KPI” (Key Performance Indicator). That is the reality. But, you do not always follow “KPI”’s line. With an increase in your age, you should also be aware that you need to think about your contributions to others and society, the environment and humanity. You must follow the blue line. That’s called “wisdom”. This emphasizes on the intellectual and morale. You must change the “desire culture” to “sharing culture”.